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1 Hardware Guide
Changing the look of your computer Part 1 - The Case
Fancy a change, want your computer to look something
special, then why not try a fancy new case. There are many styles on the
market, and are easy to pick up. You don't need to pick up any new
hardware, and you can make your plain, boring looking computer look very
Many styles are available pictured above are just a few.
Believe it or not changing the case can make your computer look
something special, making you the envy of all your friends and family.
The above cases can be bought from http://www.fleetwoodcomputers.co.uk/shop/index.php?cPath=84_30
in the UK
The cases pictured above here can be bought in the USA
Moving all your parts to a new computer can be quite a
job, it is essential that you know where to plug in the power switch,
front lights, speaker, reset switch and hard drive light and power
connectors. (A copy of your motherboard manual is useful for this, you
will have got this when buying your motherboard or you can download it
from the manufacturers website)
Also take note of where your expansion cards plug into
and the IDE connectors.
When setting the motherboard it is important to have it
aligned correctly to the stands that are supplied with case.
If you find this a daunting task you should not find it
hard to get a computer technician to perform this task for you. It
should only take 30 to 40 mins.
2 Tips & Tricks
Moving a Motherboard to a new case
This month I hope to help you move a motherboard to a
new case. The picture below is a smaller version of the original, which
has several numbers indicating part locations. We will explain what to
do at each location.
on image to enlarge
Always take anti-static precautions before handling
1: This area is where your PCI cards are. Take a note
of which slot they are is so you can fit them exactly as how you
removed them. There is only one card in the picture above.
2: This is your AGP card, you may not have this, if
you do there is only one so remove it.
3: This board is Pentium 4, and requires an extra
power connector (Modern Athlons need this also) it is a square white
connector with 4 wires coming from it. Unclip it and remove. Remember
if this is present replace as you have removed.
4: This is the main ATX power connector, unclip it and
5: The fan at "5" is your processor fan,
this sits on top of the processor. It can be left in place.
6: This is where your case speaker, power button,
reset button, front light and hard drive light connectors are. It is
very important that you take note of exactly where these plug in as
you remove. Each connector will be labeled.
7: The memory is located here, this can be left in
8: Pictured above is the IDE (2 Yellow connectors,
colours may vary) and the floppy drive ribbon cable connector (1
black). Remove ribbons connected to these, and remember where they
were plugged into. They are usually 2 gray cables (Colours may vary).
9: There will be several screws keeping the
motherboard in place, remove these and keep handy as you will need
them to screw n motherboard to new case.
10: Not remove the motherboard. If your power supply
is in the way, then remove it first.
11: Remove hard drive, CD-Roms, Floppy drives etc.
Not that you have removed the motherboard and all
its bits, it is tie to fit it into new case. Follow the next steps.
1: The new case will come with new stands or feet for
the motherboard. Align these up with your motherboard.
2: Now check the back plate is the correct one for
your motherboard, or make necessary adjustments so that all your ports
can be seen. If need be remove plate from old case and fit in new.
3: Now place motherboard into position, and screw it
4: Now fit the case speaker, power button, reset
button, front light and hard drive light.
5: Now connect the IDE cables, and floppy cable.
6: Now place ATX power connector and P4 power
connector (If you need it)
7: Now fit AGP card, and screw into place (If you have
8: Now fit PCI cards into slots where you removed them
from, and screw into place.
9: Fit hard drive, CD-Roms, Floppy drives etc,
reconnect to to motherboard. (IDE and floppy connectors on
9: Now test your computer. If you have problems, check
all the above connectors again.
3 Buyers Guide
Buying a case
The base unit is referred to the case and all
components inside it. You can refresh the look of your computer by
buying a new case, and moving all components from the old case to the
new. (All your friends and family will think you have a new computer)
Many different designs and styles are available for
base units. Mini Towers, midi towers, and full Towers are the most
popular. At present you are best to buy an ATX (P4 ready) case. (The
only exception will be computers that are around 8 years old or older
which will be in AT cases, generally you can tell the difference by
shutting down your computer. If it says “It is safe to shutoff your
computer” and you have to press the power button to shut it off, then
you have an AT computer).
Cases come in many different sizes and colours.
Some are even see through, this is one the best ways to customize your
An important note is to make sure than when you buy
make sure the case has at least a 300w power supply and is P4 ready
(Even some Athlon computers require the P4 connections). Also if you are
not comfortable with moving your computer components over then get a
trained computer technician to do it for you.
So for as little as £40/$40 you can make your
computer look new, more powerful and most of all impressive to all you
4 Game Preview
The Airbus A330/A340 family of airliners are re-created for
Flight Simulator 2002/2004 by celebrated developers Phoenix Simulation
Software. There's no doubt that when it comes to the new generation of
airliners, Old Europe is the place that sets the pace!
Label: Just Flight
Developer: Phoenix Simulation Software
Genre Flight Simulation
Release March 31st, 2004
SKUs: English and German language editions
Europe's largest and most advanced airliners take to the skies in all
their high-tech glory. The twin-engine Airbus A330 and four-engine A340
are brought to life by the experts in high quality flight simulation
aircraft, Phoenix Simulation Software.
A total of eight aircraft variants with 42 different airline liveries
have been painstakingly reproduced for Flight Simulator 2004 (also
compatible with FS2002):
- A340-200 and A340-300, equipped with CFM engines
- A330-200 and A330-300, fitted with General Electric, Pratt &
Whitney and Rolls Royce engines.
Each aircraft model is rendered in high detail, with accurate animations
of the flight surfaces, engines, undercarriage, passenger and cargo
doors. Special model, lighting and engine effects are also included –
for example you'll see wings flexing as in real life, wing tip vortices
and even engine-intake vapour effects!
Like Just Flight's celebrated A320 Professional the flight models have
been tested by real world Airbus pilots with four different flight
models for each of the aircraft types. The 2D and 3D virtual cockpits
capture the intricacies of flying these giants with multiple panel views
- you can even see the windscreen wipers operating!
Just Flight's Managing Director commented, "The Phoenix range of
aircraft have always been deservedly the most popular expansions for
Microsoft's Flight Simulator. The A320 Professional has had enduring
success and we're proud to be working with them on this latest release
of these popular modern airliners.
The Just Flight edition on CD-ROM offers terrific value for money and
like other Just Flight releases comes professionally packaged with
printed documentation. There is also a set of comprehensive technical
pilot's notes accessible via the CD-ROM."#
- Eight variants with 42 airline liveries with detailing up to PSS'
usual exacting standards
- Full compliment of moving parts
- Hanging undercarriage bogies
- Operating passenger and cargo doors
- Working windscreen wipers visible in the 2D and VC cockpits
- Animated 3D Engine fans & reversers
- Reflection and specula mapped hi-detail textures
- Flexing wings
- Hard coded wingtip vortices with high humidity/lift
- Hard coded engine intake vapour effects
- Hard coded multiple flashing strobe lamps (not effect files)
- Four different, accurate flight models, tested by real Airbus
- Accurate sound sets for all variants
- Highly accurate instrument panels with FS2004 featured virtual
- Compatible with both FS2002 and FS2004 Century of Flight.
- Payload editor tool utility
- Panel configuration utility
- Fuel planner
- Extensive on-line manuals
About Just Flight
Just Flight is the world's leading flight simulation specialist,
publishing a wide range of digital aviation products. Their range spans
over 50 titles, including standalone flight simulation games, add-ons
for the multi-million selling Microsoft Flight Simulator and Combat
Flight series and even books, videos and DVDs.
The British, Cambridge-based company has been established for some seven
years. It prides itself on quality, value and customer service, which it
backs up with a unique money-back guarantee on all its products. It has
been recognised with nominations for 'Best of British' by the software
industry and accolades from the Daily Express and Royal Mail for its
Its products are used by some 150,000 known flight simulation
enthusiasts in over 150 countries.
Full details of the company's products can be found at www.justflight.com
About the real A330/A340
Airbus' A330/A340 Family of aircraft has established market leadership
in the 240-380 seat category. Five twin or four-engine aircraft,
offering maximum commonality and including the new A340-500 and -600
models, provide the highest degree of operational flexibility and
economy combined with unmatched passenger comfort.
For passengers the A330/A340 Family is the most popular in its class.
The A330/A340 Family features a luxurious four-abreast arrangement in
First Class, with each passenger enjoying unimpeded access to an aisle.
Business Class features spacious six-abreast seating, affording each
passenger an aisle or window seat, while Economy Class passengers are
generally seated in a comfortable eight-abreast layout with no passenger
more than one seat away from an aisle.
For more information see the company web site at www.airbus.com
5 Virus & email Warnings
Recently I received and email as below, think of my
shock at seeing this :
Hello user of Windowsreinstall.com
Our main mailing server will be temporary unavaible for next two days,
to continue receiving mail in these days you have to configure our
Please, read the attach for further details.
The Windowsreinstall.com team
Well it turns out I never sent it to myself, and as I
run the email, and control it if its up or down, you can see why I was
surprised. Did I get drunk some night and decide to close the server
down for 2 days ? oh and look an attachment in a zip file !!! should I
open it ? and I spelt the word "unavailable" wrongly, what
ever should I do.
Well the answer is simple, the attached file contains a
virus, I don't intent or ever did intend to close down the server, this
email is also a hoax.
I get about 40 emails like this in some form or the
other everyday. If I get them, then more than likely you will
Don't open attachments, and if you are expecting a file
to be sent to you, confirm it first before opening it. Viruses are a
pain, and you do not want to catch the bug. This one and its attachment
got through my virus checker because the file is zipped and password
Oh look another email from my friend in Nigeria offering
me yet another $29,000,000 all for myself, and all I have to do is give
over my bank details. Below is an exact copy of the email.
the Senate committee on
Pension,insurance and manpower development in the National Assembly of
the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
FROM: SENATOR VICTOR OYOFO
REPLY TO : email@example.com
My name is SENATOR VICTOR OYOFO, the chairman
I am writing you to earnestly Solicit for your
assistance in helping to receive some sum of money into your account
for safe keeping. I got your e-mail address through an internet
marketing firm while searching for a reliable and reputable person to
handle this transaction.
We have the sum of US$29,000,000.00 (Twenty Nine
Million Dollars) that we intend to transfer
overseas through the assistance of a foreign partner. This money came
as a result of Over provision in the budget for unclaimed pension and
accident insurance. This over provision was done by my committee, but
all payments have been made to beneficiaries leaving behind the over
budgeted amount which amounts to US$29,000,000.00 which is deposited
in the Nigeria
Deposit Bank here in Nigeria.
I have agreed to transfer the funds overseas for my
campaign funding and other investment purposes, private use and for
investment purposes with your help.
I am contacting you therefore, to stand in as the beneficiary to
process this fund into your custody. As soon as you consent to this I
will immediately send you title documents to the fund in your name so
you can make claim for it. I will provide you with 30% for assisting
us and 5% to be set aside for reimbursement,for expenses that may
arise during the process ofconcluding the transaction. The fund shall
be transferred to you legally in accordance to all laid down
procedures governing transfer of funds. I have perfected all
modalities for the successful transfer of this money to you as the
Finally, I have to reassure you that this
transaction is 100% risk free and should be kept absolutely
confidential. Presently, you can reach me by return mail, you should
also include your telephone numbers if any, for secured communication
between us. Thank you for your anticipated cooperation. I await your
response. Also Note that we need to conclude this transaction before
the end of next month as we can still make payments on last years
budget till this time.
Senator Victor Oyofo
So what did I do ? Did I rush my bank
details to the Senator ? well I am glad to say I didn't, this is a
terrible hoax and if you fall for it you will end up with an empty bank
account. So if you receive such an email then do what I do, delete it,
from my years of experience on the net, I have found that if its too
good to be true, then it is
Mark ( firstname.lastname@example.org
Among Silicon Valley Entrepreneurs
California - March 2, 2004 /Xpress Press/ - As if to demonstrate that
Internet technology is not the exclusive domain of the young, a couple
of Silicon Valley septuagenarians have announced they are putting their
catch-all domain name registration, BetterWebsites.com, up for bids.
Josh Malks, 68, of Capitola and Los Gatos' Don Sherman, 70,
registered the domain in 1995 to identify their startup, BetterWebsites,
an internet service company established to serve the needs of non-profit
organizations, particularly Jewish Community Centers throughout the
While the company will continue operations under the day-to-day
management of Mr. Malks, the pair, now retired over ten years from their
respective professional careers, have decided to offer the attractive
domain to a larger enterprise that can exploit its memorability and
ubiquity for web-related services, sales, creative or technology.
The pair launched their business in the mid-nineties to synergize Mr.
Malks' expertise gained through three decades in community center
management and Sherman's 37-year career in publishing, broadcasting,
advertising and public relations.
They had met while Josh was executive director of the Addison-Penzak
Jewish community center of the South Bay and Don served on the center's
board of trustees. After both had retired they discovered their mutual
excitement over the burgeoning Internet and it's "every man a
publisher" potential for free expression and the creation of
Josh and Don are looking forward to discussing the value of the
BetterWebsites domains (BetterWebsites.com;
with qualified interested parties.
Microsoft Windows XP Service Pack 2
you are using Windows XP, you will need to keep it up to date. Windows
XP Service Pack 1, has been about for quite a while. If you don't have
it then get it, Service Pack 1 improves Windows XP in many ways
including enhanced reliability and performance.
can download Service Pack 1 from here : http://www.microsoft.com/WindowsXP/pro/downloads/servicepacks/sp1/default.asp
Service Pack 2 Fact Sheet
As part of
Microsoft Corp.’s ongoing commitment to improving the Windows®
XP operating system, including making it more secure and helping protect
customers from malicious attacks, the company has released the Microsoft®
Windows XP Service Pack 2 (SP2) beta version to beta testers through the
MSDN® developer program. The Windows XP SP2 beta is intended
to give software developers and IT professionals an opportunity to
conduct early testing and to allow Microsoft to collect valuable
customer feedback. During the beta process, Microsoft hopes to garner
significant input from developers and IT professionals that will be
incorporated into and improve the final product.
In October 2003,
Microsoft President and CEO Steve Ballmer announced that Microsoft would
be introducing several new capabilities in Windows XP SP2 to help keep
customers more secure, and the Windows XP SP2 beta release represents a
significant milestone toward that end. Windows XP SP2 also includes the
type of enhancements and updates traditionally associated with service
packs. The Windows XP SP2 beta includes a subset of the technologies
that will ultimately ship in SP2, and the final feature set will be
based largely on customer feedback generated during the beta process.
technologies included in the Windows XP SP2 beta cover the following
computers connected to the Internet need protection against
network‑based attacks, such as the Blaster worm. This protection
is especially important for nonenterprise business customers and home
customers connected to the Internet via cable modem, DSL or dial-up, as
well as mobile laptop users who may not always be protected by a
corporate firewall. Microsoft is strengthening the network protection of
Windows XP to help prevent these types of attacks through a number of
enhancements, including these:
An improved version of Windows Firewall (formerly known
as the Internet Connection Firewall).
Windows Firewall will be turned on by default in installations of
Windows XP with SP2, preventing all ports from listening on the network
except when they are in use by an application. Computers with multiple
network interfaces, such as laptops with wired and wireless connections,
will benefit from an improved user interface that allows global firewall
settings. Additional testing also will be done to help ensure
application compatibility when Windows Firewall is on. For businesses,
central administration of Windows Firewall configuration through Active
Directory® Group Policy has been enabled.
Reduction of the attack surface of a Windows XP-based
computer while on a network. For
example, the Remote Procedure Call (RPC) service will run with reduced
privileges and will no longer accept unauthenticated connections by
More secure infrastructure for the Distributed
Component Object Model (DCOM).
For example, today COM has no way to restrict an application so that it
can only be used locally without exposing it on the network by way of
DCOM. More granular COM permissions were created to give administrators
the flexibility to control a computer’s COM permission policy. These
additional access control restrictions will reduce the risk of a
successful network attack.
service off by default. It is
important to note that Messenger service is not
Windows Messenger, the instant messaging client in Windows. Messenger
service is a network administration tool that has been exploited by
spammers. When the service is off, spammers will not be able to utilize
the feature to send unwanted pop-up ads to users.
many customers, the Web is something that brings malicious code, pop-up
ads and spyware. Customers are also concerned about malicious sites that
offer downloads designed to defraud them or damage their computers. All
customers are at risk, especially when surfing Web sites they may not be
familiar with. Security technologies delivered in Internet Explorer will
permit safer browsing to Web sites while continuing to provide a
full-featured browsing experience and application platform for both home
and business users of Windows XP. Those technologies include the
Blocking of accidental downloads and installations.
Internet Explorer will help protect users from accidentally downloading and installing programs from potentially malicious Web sites
by automatically blocking download requests. Users who decide to install
a program can click on the download link that will automatically appear
below the browser toolbar. For businesses, these enhancements can be
managed through existing tools, such as Active Directory Group Policy.
The new security technologies in Internet Explorer will complement
existing Web content filtering solutions by providing in-depth
protection to corporate computers and mobile laptops.
Internet Explorer will detect that a pop-up or pop-under window is
unwanted if it doesn’t directly result from the user’s clicking on a
link on a Web page. If users decide to view a blocked pop-up ad, they can simply click on the pop-up blocking menu in the
status bar to view the pop-up once or add the Web site to the “safe
sites” list. For businesses, this protection will not affect existing
intranet Web sites and line-of-business applications, because pop-ups
are not blocked in the local intranet zone. Pop-up blocking is off by
malicious software can take advantage of a buffer overrun to attack a
computer system. Buffer overruns are software vulnerabilities that copy
too much data, overwriting areas of memory that allow execution of
arbitrary code. Attackers could potentially remotely exploit buffer
overrun vulnerabilities on any computer connected to the Internet or any
other network — at home or at work — via DSL, cable or
dial‑up. Although no single technique can completely eliminate
this type of vulnerability, Microsoft is employing security technologies
to reduce the likelihood and potential of an attack in a number of ways.
Those technologies include the following:
All code changed since the release of Windows XP has been recompiled
using the latest Visual Studio® compiler to reduce the
likelihood of certain buffer overrun vulnerabilities.
E-Mail and Instant Messaging
is an extremely common way for viruses and malicious attacks to infect a
computer and spread. New security technologies from Microsoft will make
e-mail and instant messaging safer by helping stop the spread of viruses
(such as Sobig.F). This increased security is most applicable for home
users and small businesses that use Outlook® Express or
Windows Messenger instant messaging (IM). Large corporations without a
dedicated e-mail or IM filtering solution would benefit as well.
Examples of the increased security include these:
Better file attachment handling in Outlook Express and
Windows Messenger. This means that attachments can open and execute with the fewest
permissions possible. As a result, potentially unsafe attachments will
be isolated so that they cannot affect other parts of the system.
Increased customer control over downloads of external
content in Outlook Express.
Outlook Express will no longer download external content (such as
graphics) in HTML mail by default. Downloading graphics inside HTML junk
mail could potentially allow the sender to identify your computer.
Windows XP Service Pack 2 beta release includes additional enhancements
aimed at providing customers with the latest technology updates. These
include the following:
Update. SP2 will make it more
convenient for customers to enable Automatic Update, which will download
and install critical updates automatically from Windows Update.
Automatic Update also is designed to allow restartable downloads and is
optimized for low-bandwidth scenarios by using delta compression
technologies that help reduce the amount of data downloaded to the
Media Player 9 Series. Windows
Media® Player 9 Series went through a comprehensive security
review. This has resulted in a robust set of security settings,
available from the Tools menu by selecting Options, that allow users to
more easily control which services are enabled within the player.
9.0b. The latest, most secure
DirectX® components include fixes to address a network
firewall change that impacts OEM preinstalls and DirectPlay®.
update. Windows XP SP2 includes
updated support for Bluetooth®, enabling customers to take
advantage of the latest wireless devices, including a number of wireless
keyboards and mice, wireless printers, and connections with cell phones
wireless local area network (LAN) client.
The new wireless LAN client will work with a broad range of wireless hot
spots. It enables customers to connect seamlessly to wireless hot spots
without having to install or update a third-party client. A new user
interface also allows customers to more easily disconnect from hot
Well that's it for this month, next issue will be that
last of the year so see you all then.
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